Friday, October 18, 2013

The Dolomites, Northeastern Italy

Although not peak bloom season, there were still many flowers in late August and throughout September on the trails in the Sella Range and on Europe's largest alpine meadow, the Alpe di Suisi/Seiser Alm, both areas in the Italian Dolomites.  A number of the species are found only in this area of limestone soil and outcrops.  The plants I was able to identify, using my limited knowledge of the Italian language to decipher the keys and field guides, are posted below.  Many more flowers along the trails were simply admired.

Bearded Bellflower (Campanula barbata)

Bellflower (Campanula cespitosa)

Harebell (Campanula cochlearifolia) 

Harebell (Campanula scheuchzeri)

Eyebright (Euphrasia rostkoviana)

Stemless Carline Thistle (Carlina acaulis)

Dwarf Thistle (Cirsium acaule)

 Yarrow (Achillea moschata)

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Monkshood (Aconitum napellus)

Autumn Crocus (Colchicum autumnale)

 Autumn Crocus (Colchicum autumnale)

Golden Hawksbeard (Crepis aurea)

Brown Knapweed (Centaurea jacea)

Nerved Knapweed (Centaurea nervosa)

Mountain Avens (Dryas octopetala)

Meadow Geranium (Geranium pratense)

Large-Flowered Hemp Nettle (Galeopsis speciosa)

Willow Gentian (Gentiana asclepiadea)

Willow Gentian (Gentiana asclepiadea)

Autumn Gentian (Gentianella amarella)

Fringed Gentian (Gentianella ciliata)

Bedstraw (Galium anisophyllon)

Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum)

Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum)

Alpine Toadflax (Linaria alpina)

Sandwort (Moehringia ciliata)

Broomrape (Orobanche sp)

Grass of Parnassus (Parnassia palustris)

Round-Headed Rampion (Phyteuma orbiculare)

Round-Headed Rampion (Phyteuma orbiculare)

Dolomite Cinquefoil (Potentilla nitida)

Dolomite Cinquefoil (Potentilla nitida)

Cinquefoil (Potentilla caulescens)

Cinquefoil (Potentilla sp)

Hoary Plantain (Plantago media)
Hoary Plantain (Plantago media)

Self Heal (Prunella vulgaris)

Alpine Pasqueflower (Pulsatilla alpina ssp apiifolia)

Mountain Buttercup (Ranunculus montanus)

 Buttercup (Ranunculus sp)

Yellow Saxifrage (Saxafraga aizoides)

Yellow Saxifrage (Saxafraga aizoides)

Mossy Saxifrage (Saxifraga bryoides)

Blue Saxifrage (Saxifraga caesia)

Shining Pincushion (Scabiosa lucida)

Cobweb Hen-and-Chicks (Sempervivum arachnoideum)

Rock Ragwort (Senecio rupestris)

Rock Catchfly (Silene rupestris)

Bladder Campion (Silene vulgaris)

Lemon Thyme (Thymus pulegioides)

Lemon Thyme (Thymus pulegioides)


Fleichers Willowherb (Epilobium fleischeri

Heath (Erica sp)

Heath (Erica sp different species)

Unknown

Unknown

Alpine Kidney Vetch (Anthyllis vulneraria)

Orchid (Genus and species unknown)